The posadas are the representative parties that are celebrated 9 days before Christmas. They start on the 16th and the big closing is on December 24th. History tells us that the posadas arrived with the Spanish conquest, changing the tradition of the Aztecs, who celebrated during the month of Panquetzaliztli (December) the arrival of their God Huitzilopochtli. This celebration began on December 6 with a duration of 20 days and consisted of placing flags on the fruit trees and banners in the main temple.
But with the arrival of the Spaniards, the festivities called “Christmas bonuses” were established, held from December 16 to 24. Said masses were held in the open air, where passages were read and representations allusive to Christmas were performed. In addition, small gifts were given to the attendees known as “aguinaldos”. After the Independence of Mexico, this custom almost disappeared. It was the loyal followers who rescued it and carried it out in their own homes, giving birth to the tradition of the “Posadas”.
The way of celebrating the posadas has changed over time and elements of each region have been added. But they have always been characterized by color, songs and traditional food. Children, young people and adults come together to “ask for an inn” and celebrate that someone opened the doors and provided Jesus, Maria and Joseph with accommodation. Snacks, fritters, punch, candles, Christmas gifts (sweets or fruits) and breaking piñatas are some of the most representative elements of the posadas. But the most important thing is to celebrate the union of families and friends.